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ITV American Academy of Pediatrics Discovery Health Channel

TV Show Excerpt - Colds vs. Allergies

The following excerpt is from the original transcript of the Kids Healthworks television series, episode 101.

HOST
It is estimated that allergies account for the loss of two million school days per year. The list of potential allergens is long: ranging from foods to dust mites, and pollen to animal dander.

DEBBIE SLAFSKY
(MOTHER)

Kevin, I didn't know he had an allergy to cats. Well, he was allergic to the cat. I mean, really allergic: his eyes would get very bloodshot, like, sneeze about 12 times in a row, but he liked the cat. I guess with Martin, Martin had a chronic runny nose. I mean, he wasn't always sick, but he always had a runny nose.

HOST
Airborne allergies can cause stuffy or runny noses, sneezing attacks, earaches and headaches from congestion, eye sensitivity, and difficulty breathing. If your child has cold-like symptoms lasting longer than a week or two or develops a cold at the same time every year, consult your pediatrician.

DYLAN LERNER
Here's some fun facts about family pets. Did you know cats and dogs have allergies too? Just like us, they can be allergic to pollen, dust mites, food ... even flea bites! But unlike us, cats and dogs don't get runny noses. They do scratch a lot though! Ten million people celebrate their dogs' birthdays. Want to know how? Two million get a new toy. One million get a brand new bone. But more popular than a bone? Ice cream! More than one million dogs get ice cream on their birthdays. And that's a Fun Fact, and I'm Dylan Lerner.

GEORGE MCCRACKEN JR., MD, FAAP
SOUTHWESTERN MED. CTR.

Allergies are a very important predisposing event for otitis media and other respiratory conditions in children, including asthma. The child who has the same symptoms of a cold on a periodic basis - that is seasonal - one should suspect that this may be an allergy rather than a respiratory viral infection. If the symptoms are also associated either with itching - such as they get red eyes and it itches - this is much more likely an allergic response to something in the environment than a viral infection.

HOST
Some kids are allergic to medications like antibiotics. Two-and-a-half year old Sierra developed a rash after being given penicillin.

SARA LOWE
(MOTHER)

She started getting these red welts all over her torso. And I really didn't know what it was, so I ran back to the doctor and sure enough she was allergic to the penicillin. It was a really scary thing.

Nurse: Take a real deep breath in. Blow! Harder, harder! Keep blowing! Keep blowing! Force it out! Blow, blow, blow! Don't stop! Don't stop! Don't stop! Very good.

HOST
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes airways to tighten and narrow. Nearly four million kids in the U.S. have asthma. It's the number one reason for kids chronically missing school. Common triggers for asthma attacks are exercise, allergies, viral infections, weather changes and smoke. These kids are at risk during flu and cold season.

MARK WARD, MD, FAAP
TEXAS CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL

With asthma, again, we tend to see it coming into the emergency room quite a bit during the wintertime, because when children get one of these viruses in conjunction with having asthma, they're more likely to begin wheezing, and have an asthma attack and one severe enough that they end up in the emergency department.

HOST
If you suspect your child has asthma or allergies, contact your pediatrician. And keep a list of all symptoms, when they appear, and what may have triggered them.

WENDY RUTLEDGE
If you've flown, chances are you've experienced some discomfort in your ears during takeoff and landing, especially if you've had a cold. How does this affect a child and what can you do to help?

HOST
This brings us to our Kids Healthworks Q & A. Does air travel make a cold worse? Tammy and Da





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